Informative World

The Prostate – Prostate Problems and Disease

The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system about the size and shape of a walnut. Located in front of the rectum, and surrounds the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder out to the tip of the penis). The main function of the prostate is to produce fluid for semen, which transports sperm.

You or someone you know is suffering from a prostate problem.

Common symptoms include:
* Difficulty starting urination
* Weak urinary stream
* Frequent urination often and with urgency accompanied with incontinence
* wake up several times at night to urinate
* Sexual dysfunction and decreased libido

The most common conditions are:
* Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
* Prostatitis
* Prostate Cancer

BPH
It is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate. Symptoms result when the enlargement causes pressure on the urethra which runs through the prostate. BPH is the most common of prostate conditions among men. It is more common among older men, because as a man ages, his prostate naturally enlarges. Starting around age 40, the levels of a hormone called prolactin begins to increase in men have increased this stimulates the production of the enzyme 5-alpha reductase. This in turn increases the metabolism of testosterone, resulting in increased metabolism of di-hydro-testosterone or DHT. DHT is very unhealthy and has the undesirable effect of stimulating prostate protocol reviews prostate cells divide and multiply, and causing enlarged of the prostate. Over 50 percent of men aged 60 and 80 percent of men 80 years are estimated to suffer from BPH. It is important to note that BPH does not necessarily lead to cancer, but a man can have BPH and cancer at the same time.

Prostatitis
It is an inflammation of the prostate. It is not contagious. Prostatitis is a mysterious ailment and most urologists will admit that even sometimes understand the cause, sometimes not. Prostatitis is sometimes caused by the same bacteria that cause urinary tract infections other. Some patients however, have no evidence of bacteria in their prostates, although it is believed that contains the same microorganisms such as Chlamydia or Ureaplasma, which are more difficult to identify by standard techniques of cultivation. Although other patients show no evidence of microorganisms. So it’s very difficult to diagnose and treat. Many urologists blindly prescribe antibiotics, which seldom work, it is important to note that prostatitis sometimes develops from an untreated BPH.

Prostate cancer
It is a malignant tumor that usually begins in the outer parts of the prostate. As the tumor grows, it extends to the internal parts of the prostate. Treatment options for prostate cancer include watchful waiting, hormone therapy, radiation and surgery brachytherapia.

Two critical tests to detect prostate cancer and other prostate diseases in men are higher risk, digital rectal examination (DRE) and prostate-special to the test antigen (PSA test). A high PSA can indicate a greater likelihood of developing prostate cancer. However, a high PSA does not necessarily mean cancer is present, many men with BPH also have high levels of PSA.

Prostate Facts:

-Almost 30 million men suffer from benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH).
-The odds that you have prostate problems for ecuando you are 60 years are 2 to 1.
-Each year over 400,000 men in the U.S. alone, will undergo prostate surgery, and over a billion dollars a year is spent on prostate treatment.
-Surgery often results in incontinence and impotence.
-Proscar, the leading pharmaceutical drug for treating prostate problems, is associated with the enlargement of male breast and sexual dysfunction.

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